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World famous Organisation detail , Head quarter and abbreviations

World famous Organisation detail , Head quarter and abbreviations
  • 3
    Aug

World famous Organisation detail , Head quarter and abbreviations

World famous Organisation detail , Head quarter and abbreviations 

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, and the organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
Formation 4 April 1949
Type Military alliance
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Membership 28 states
Official languages English,French
Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen
NATO Members comprises 28 members: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States
List of Secretaries Generals
# Name Country Duration
1 General Lord Ismay United Kingdom 4 April 1952 – 16 May 1957
2 Paul-Henri Spaak Belgium 16 May 1957 – 21 April 1961
3 Dirk Stikker Netherlands 21 April 1961 – 1 August 1964
4 Manlio Brosio  Italy 1 August 1964 – 1 October 1971
5 Joseph Luns  Netherlands 1 October 1971 – 25 June 1984
6 Lord Carrington  United Kingdom 25 June 1984 – 1 July 1988
7 Manfred Wörner  Germany 1 July 1988 – 13 August 1994
Sergio Balanzino (acting)  Italy 13 August 1994 – 17 October 1994
8 Willy Claes  Belgium 17 October 1994 – 20 October 1995
Sergio Balanzino (acting)  Italy 20 October 1995 – 5 December 1995
9 Javier Solana  Spain 5 December 1995 – 6 October 1999
10 Lord Robertson  United Kingdom 14 October 1999 – 17 December 2003
Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo(acting)  Italy 17 December 2003 – 1 January 2004
11 Jaap de Hoop Scheffer  Netherlands 1 January 2004 – 1 August 2009
12 Anders Fogh Rasmussen  Denmark 1 August 2009–present
Headquarters, New York City
Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Membership 192 member states
Leaders
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Belong to south korea
Establishment
United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945
Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945 Organization
Main article: United Nations System
The United Nations system is based on five principal organs
(formerly six – the Trusteeship Council suspended operations
in 1994);[6] the General Assembly, the Security Council,
the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat,
and the International Court of Justice.
Four of the five principal organs are located at the main
United Nations headquarters located on international territory
in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located
in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the
UN offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other UN institutions
Name——— Secertary General—–From—To
1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952
Resigned; First Secretary-General from Scandinavia
2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died while in office
3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 1 January 1972 First Secretary-General from Asia
4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 1 January 1982
5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 1 January
1992 First Secretary-General from South America
6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 1 January
1997 First Secretary-General from Africa
7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 1 January 2007
8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 Incumbent
UNO Agencies
Agency Estd. In Headquarters
International Labour Organization (ILO) 1919 Geneva
World Health Organization (WHO) 1948 Geneva
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 1946 Paris
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 1957 Vienna
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) 1946 New York
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 1950 Geneva
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) 1967 New York
International Fund for Agricultural Development 1977 Rome
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) 1964 Geneva
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 1947 Montreal
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 1945 Washington D.C.
International Finance Corporation (IFC) 1956 Washington D.C.
Universal Postal Union (UPU) 1947 Berne
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) 1972 Nairobi
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 1967 Geneva
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) 1945 Rome
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 1945 Washington D.C.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 1950 Geneva
World Trade Organization (WTO) 1995 Geneva
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) New York
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) 1958 London
International Development Association (IDA) 1960 Washington D.C.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU) 1947 Geneva
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) 1965 New York
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) 1949 New York
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) 1967 New York
The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
Eatablished. September 25, 1969.
Headquarters Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Official languages Arabic, English, French
Membership 57 member states
Leaders
Secretary-General Ekmeleddin Ehsanaglu
The Secretary General of the OIC
Tunku Abdul Rahman (Malaysia): (1971–1973)
Hassan Al-Touhami (Egypt): (1974–1975)
Dr. Amadou Karim Gaye (Senegal): (1975–1979)
Habib Chatty (Tunisia): (1979–1984)
Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada (Pakistan): (1985–1988)
Dr. Hamid Algabid (Niger): (1989–1996)
Dr. Azeddine Laraki (Morocco): (1997–2000)
Dr. Abdelouahed Belkeziz (Morocco): (2001–2004)
Prof.Dr. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu (Turkey): (2005 to present)
Past Islamic Summit Conferences
1st September 22–25, 1969  Morocco Rabat
2nd February 22–24, 1974  Pakistan Lahore
3rd January 25–29, 1981  Saudi Arabia Makkah Al Mukarramah and Taif
4th January 16–19, 1984  Morocco Casablanca
5th January 26–29, 1987  Kuwait Kuwait City
6th December 9–11, 1991  Senegal Dakar
7th December 13–15, 1994  Morocco Casablanca
1st Extraordinary March 23, 1997  Pakistan Islamabad
8th December 9–11, 1997  Iran Tehran
9th November 12–13, 2000  Qatar Doha
2nd Extraordinary March 5, 2003  Qatar Doha
10th October 16–17, 2003  Malaysia Putrajaya
3rd Extraordinary December 7–8, 2005  Saudi Arabia Makkah Al Mukarramah
11th March 13–14, 2008  Senegal Dakar
12th 2011  Egypt Cairo


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